April 21, 2021

Cabinet Saw vs Table Saw Comparison | Which Machine For What Job?

Trying to choose a cabinet saw vs a table saw? After a long time using multiple cabinet saws and table saws, I have gathered plenty of information on both saws. Using a specific tool in your line of construction or woodwork is essential. It helps you achieve your goal. The features that come with each tool have to be capable enough to meet the desired goal. 

Your working condition determines the type of saw you are going to have. The power, blade size, handwheel, dust collection system, size, and base material contribute to the saw you choose. Consider that each saw comes with its advantages and disadvantages. The difference lies in functions and cutting capacities. That is what I will be taking you through in this article.

Overview of the Cabinet Saw

Cabinet saws are table saws in a different form. The name Cabinet comes in the enclosed design of the saw that looks like a cabinet. They are ideal for professional woodworkers as it offers quick and reliable access to your working tools. Cabinet saws are steel or iron materials that have a heavy tensioning mechanism. That allows you to work with thick wood.

They have powerful motors that withstand vibrations. Vibrations result from different types of material that the saw works on. Cabinet saws make use of an induction motor that gives you long run times. Consider your safety when you are looking for the ideal cabinet saw. 

The SawStop 10inch cabinet saw has a safety feature that stops the spinning blade as soon as it contacts the skin. The blade stops in less than five milliseconds and drops below the table. 

The dust collection system of the cabinet saw is 99% effective. It comes with a dust collection and blade guard. The saw has a 4inch dust collection port and a control box with the On/Off switch and a power paddle. 

The cabinet saw is innovative as it comes with an onboard computer. The fence system determines the rip capacity on large materials. The Grizzly G0690 cabinet table comes with a riving knife that keeps you safe from kickbacks.

Pros

  • Long run times.
  • Ideal for heavy construction.
  • Increased rip capacity.
  • Enclosed design.
  • Safe.

Cons

  • No riving knife for kickbacks.
  • Not ideal for crosscuts.

Key Features of the Cabinet saw

Blade size

Your saw’s name is the size of the blade. The blade size determines the thickness of the material you are allowed to work on. That tells the precision of your cuts. I recommend adjustable blades as they are convenient and versatile. 

That does not stop you from running your task looking for the perfect blade. Different blade sizes are better as you adjust the type of cuts on different materials. The standard blade size is 10inch. It works on multiple wood pieces.

Dust extraction system

Working on wood means you have to deal with dust production. Saws come with different types of dust collection systems. Some saws come with dust ports compatible with dust bags, dust canisters, or vacuums. It would help if you consider your workplace and the possible volume of dust to be collected. Healthy working conditions are vital in the industry. Dust blowers are ideal for heavy-duty tasks.

Power

The overall rotations produced per minute differ from one model to the other. You need to make sure that you choose a saw that meets the amount of power you expect from your dream saw. 

The power of your motor determines the thickness of your material. The Grizzly G0690 cabinet table saw uses a 3hp motor that produces 4,300 rotations per minute. The maximum rip capacity is 291/2inch. The power outlet is 220 Volts.

Hand Wheel

The handwheel is a mechanism that adjusts the height of your blade. It eases the cutting capacity of your saw tool and affects the depth and flexibility of your material. They determine the accuracy of your tool. 

Weight

Consider your workspace before you purchase your saw. The size of your saw determines the mobility of your saw tool. A heavy-duty saw is for the industrial workload. The chances are high that it will be big and immobile. However, activities that require movement need a compact-sized saw.

Overview of the Table saw

Table saws are safe to use since they use a riveting knife. It reduces the chances of having kickbacks. The name implies a saw has a table that you use to carry out your task as it holds your material. 

There are two types of cuts that you make with the saw. The rip cut is the cut you make on a wood, following the grain. Cutting against the grain, slicing the wood in half is cross-cutting. The cross-cut has to work on a thin piece of wood. What is unique on a table saw is the ability to withstand longer and wide materials. 

The Rockwell Tabletop Saw has onboard accessory storage. That brings convenience to the user when you need to replace your blade. There are also industrial table saws with large surfaces and workbench table saws that are ideal for DIY enthusiasts. 

The solid base makes the tool sturdy as it stays in place. You connect your tool to a dust management system that keeps you healthy from diseases caused by inhaling dust saw. The blade on a table saw is fixed. 

The height is adjustable, and the blade is stationary. For accuracy, the blade guard and rails guide the material. There are four types of table saws. These are the bench, contractor, cabinet, and hybrid table saw. 

The contractor and the cabinet table saws are portable and meant for household activities. The cabinet table saw is a combination of the two, and the hybrid table saw is a heavy-duty table saw.

Pros

  • Onboard accessory storage 
  • Adjustable blades
  • Accurate
  • Effective dust management system
  • Specific table saws for different locations

Cons

  • High noise level
  • A bit unstable

Key features of the Table saw

Motor

Light duty bench saws are compatible with the 3/4hp to 1.5hp. They cut up to 5/8 inch thick material. Large table saws come with 2hp to 5hp motors. The cabinet table saw is compatible with the 5hp motor. 

The 5-hp Unisaw with a 52inch Biesemeyer fence has a Marathon motor that tackles demanding tasks. Make sure that the table saw has a powerful cooling system. As much as it can be a heavy tool, it still has to make easy cuts.

Blade size

When manufacturers are naming a table saw, they are after the blade size. Table saws come with circular blades, and the 10inch is the standard blade. The blade is adjustable depending on the material you are working on. 

Cutting depth

The type of cut depends on the width of the blade. Shallow cuts attract wider blades. A 10inch blade can make a deep cut of up to 3.5inches. A 12inch table saw makes a deep cut of up to 4inches.

Fence options

The fence is the adjustable guide that makes your material stays in place. The Vega U26 Table saw has micro-adjustment table support. You are allowed to fine-tune the measurements of the cut. Some saws come with extendable fences that take care of large materials. 

Rip capacity

The rip capacity ranges from 18inches for the entry-level saws up to 60inches for high-end saws. I recommend a table saw that rips larger materials with accuracy. However, it also depends on the ideal materials you will be working on.

Similarities

  • Both saws work on large pieces of materials. 
  • Both are ideal for construction building and crafting.
  • They both have shelves for accessories.
  • They both have solid bases.

Differences

  • Table saws use a riving knife that reduces kickbacks, whereas Cabinet saws use an induction motor for long run times.
  • Cabinet saws are meant for heavy construction tasks, whereas Table saws are for large production companies specializing in large panels and solid timber.
  • Table saws come with a folding arm used for crosscuts and thick wood pieces, whereas Cabinet saws have extensions that increase the rip capacity up to 50 inches. 

Cost 

The price of a table saw differs depending on the type and the features. The entry-level of a table saw ranges from 250 to 500. Midrange table saws range from 300 to 600 and industrial from 2300 to 5000. That is the same price range as the cabinet saw since another version of the table saw.

Verdict

It is high time you take the model that serves your specific needs in the industry. Table saws are safe since they have a riving knife that fights kickbacks. If you are more into crosscuts and large, thick materials, that is the ideal saw. If you are in the construction industry, the cabinet saw is the tool. It also allows you to have a large 50inch rip capacity. You may also be interested in our Bench Saw vs Table Saw comparison.

David D. Hughes
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