November 4, 2021

What Wood Works Best on a Lathe?

So, what wood works best on a lathe? Let’s look at that in some detail. You can use a lathe to turn wood into parts for other wood products, furniture, or other products. They can also make decorative objects, such as pictures, clocks, candleholders, and boxes. There are various types of lathes used by woodworkers, including bench, floor, and portable. A bench lathe is the most common type and can be used on a tabletop. A portable lathe is smaller and can be used on the floor or even attached to a portable workbench. There are also portable electric lathes, which are used for smaller projects. You should see our post on the best wood lathes.

Things to consider when choosing wood for your lathe

As much as you can turn any wood, consider your needs first. Below are features to consider when considering the right wood for your lathe. Make a priority list and start ticking. 

Appearance and color

The most straightforward wood to work with comes from mature trees, and you can easily recognize them by the sweet smell, beautiful gran, and bright tones.

Durability and elasticity

You would not want to work with wood that gets easily attacked by termites and harsh weather conditions. Pick a wood that is resistant to moisture and climatic changes. It should be elastic enough to bend without breaking easily.

Fire and moisture resistant

Denser wood easily resists fire and absorbs excess moisture to prevent decay. That increases the life of the wood regardless of what you are making. The moisture causes rotting and heaviness of wood. Eventually, the wood starts growing molds.

Compact fibers

Look closely at the grain of your wood. It has to be straight and tight, and Lower-quality woods have twisted fibers. 

Hardness and toughness

High-quality wood is tough, and that makes it withstand deterioration, abrasion, and shock. It becomes perfect for multiple uses since it endures the natural elements that destroy.

Versatility

When investing in your turning projects, high-quality wood is a priority. However, that is jot enough. Make sure that the wood is versatile. You should be able to use it for most projects. That way, you save money and space. You cannot buy different wood each time you have a project. 

Solid wood vs. Plywood 

Solid wood is stronger than plywood since it is a homogeneous material. Plywood is a product of sheets artificially glued together. If the glue shear strength is low, the individual plies can come apart. However, that depends on the quality of the plywood though.

Plywood is wood made by gluing several layers of veneer in different directions, and these veneers are obtained from logs of wood, peeled into thin layers of sheets. In contrast, Solid wood is natural wood obtained from trees, and plywood is more affordable than solid wood. 

Tips for keeping wood from splintering

Run masking tape over the wood before drawing the cut-line and then cut through the masking tape. Taping holds the surfaces of the wood together, and that prevents splintering.

  • Use a zero-clearance insert.
  • Keep your lathe machine sharp.
  • Maintain an accurate cutting position.
  • Be consistent.

Safety Tips

  • Use the correct dressing.
  • Always stop the lathe before making adjustments.
  • Do not change spindle speeds until the lathe comes to a complete stop.
  • Always wear protective eye protection.

Best woods for turning

Failure to master your turners skills leads to damaging your wood’s grain. Before running your lathe and handling more challenging woods, find out which timbers are the easiest ones to turn. These include beech, hickory, ash, ebony, sycamore, yew, cherry, and rosewood. 

They are easy to handle, have a fine grain, and are versatile. These comprise both softwood and hardwood, and it is now a matter of preference between the two. Avoid using what is available in your area but what is best for your project. 

Beech

Beech is a hardwood and a native of Northern America. It has a distinctive grain pattern and a light color. What makes it a good choice of hardwood is that it comes with heavy density, and it is abrasion-resistant and highly durable. That makes it ideal for projects such as bowls, wooden toys, woodenware, and instruments.

Ebony

Ebony is a highly dense hardwood with a dark color and heavy density. Ebony wood requires several finishes, and when correctly polished, it shows a beautiful texture and grain. Ebony might not be the best budget wood to experiment with for a beginner. 

When it comes to availability, it takes time to grow. Its beauty made it popular. There is a high demand for wood and a low supply, and that explains the price. It makes luxurious ornaments, jewelry, black chess pieces, wooden animal carvings, and musical instruments. 

Hickory

Hickory is a hardwood for heavy-duty designs. It is a tough and dense hardwood that makes beautiful items. Using a lathe on this wood makes it easy to handle and shape. It makes cabinetry, furniture, tool handles, and floor decorations. It is shock-resistant and durable, although it scratches easily. To avoid scratching, make sure you sand it in the grain’s direction.

Ash

Ash makes beautiful baseball bats. It is more durable than other wood types, and it resists most damage from impact. What makes it unique is that it changes color when a new surface contacts air. Leave your item dry for some weeks and then turn it in a little more for the desired coloration. 

Sycamore

Sycamore is an attractive type of wood for turning. What makes it unique is the distinctive grain pattern. It has an interlocking grain which makes the wood difficult to split or break. What makes it friendly is that it does not pass on smells or colors, ensuring safety when creating bowls and plates. 

Yew (European Yew)

What separates the European Yew from the above wood is that it is softwood. However, unlike many softwoods, it is dense and highly flexible. Flexibility prevents it from breaking and snapping, and it bends and moves but does not break easily. 

It comes with a darker heartwood with tones ranging from orange to brown in colors and texture. The uniform grain makes furniture, musical instruments, and archery bows. 

Cherry

Cherry wood is ideal for beginner woodworkers. It comes with an extensive color range to choose from, and Cherry wood responds well to coating and finishing. You are allowed to add varnish, clear lacquer, and other finishes for attractive textures. 

Rosewood

Rosewood is a Jamaican native with a sweet smell of dark, purple heartwood and noticeable interlocking fibers. It comes with good grain and good quality, and it also responds well to polishing and finishing, and you can bring to the surface exquisite designs. 

It makes high-end furniture and instruments. Rosewood comes with a foul smell that triggers respiratory issues such as asthma in sensitive subjects.

Is Pine good for turning?

Pine is ideal for beginning turners, and it is softwood that is easy to shape on the lathe. Cutting with a gouge or skew chisel gives a better finish than a scraper when turning between centers. When turning bowls, use a burnished scraper to produce a good surface.

Is it better to turn green wood or dry wood?

When it comes to turning, choosing between greenwood and dry wood is a personal choice. 

Wet wood is easier to turn and produces an uninterrupted ribbon of shavings. However, greenwood is prone to change after the final product, and it shrinks, which is not ideal for more detailed designs on bottle tops or glued pieces.

Dry wood does not change shape over time, but it is difficult to shape into perfectly rounded designs, and it requires more woodturning time and effort. 

Is Oakwood a good wood for turning?

Live oakwood turns smoothly. Green live oak wood is for turning balls. No dust, and it scrapes well. It makes better natural edge bowls and cuts rim bowls. Oaks come in three groups: red, white, live. White oak wood is easier to turn into pens, and it is smooth and soft.

Is Mahogany good for turning?

Mahogany increases its appeal to woodworkers. It works with both hand and power tools, and it also glues well and takes a finish with ease. Make sure to use breathing protection to keep the dust out of your lungs.

David D. Hughes
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