May 13, 2021

Bench Saw vs Table Saw | Deciding Which Is Right For You

Choosing between Bench Saw vs Table Saw isn’t always straightforward. Table saws have mostly replaced Benchsaws. As you will note from the image below, bench saws have been around for a while now. If you are in the market for a new saw, you need to know which type of saw is right for you and the projects you plan to undertake. Bench and table saws are two different types of saws, but both have their own unique use. The table saw is often used to cut long pieces of wood, while the bench saw is used for finer details. In my experience, the height difference is a key differentiator. It is important to have the right tool for the job that you are doing. 

Bench Saw

A bench saw is a saw machine that cuts long pieces of wood into smaller pieces. It has a sawing technology that lightens heavy loads and gives out accurate cuts and secure working conditions. 

It is ideal for DIY woodworkers looking forward to producing lengthwise cut boards. It has a circular saw that is underneath the work table. The work table is sturdy, and that makes the bench saw stable. 

The open design allows you to control the depth of wood you want to cut. It cuts both long and shortboards. That is made possible by adjusting the saw blade’s angle. Position the blade up or down depending on the depth of the wood you would like to cut. 

The guides accommodate multiple angles the user might think of applying. The sturdy frame makes sure that the chances of accidents are slim. When choosing a bench saw, you need to look at accuracy, portability, and motor system. 

If you have to carry it to and from work, you need to look for a portable bench saw. Stationary saws are perfect for workshops. The fence system determines the accuracy of the cuts of large stocks of wood pieces. A combination of a fence and a rail makes an excellent fencing system. It has to extend from the table. 

Parts, features, and functions of a Bench saw

Rip fence

The rip fence is a guide that stays parallel to the saw’s blade. It is movable, and its function is to measure the board you are cutting. The hold-down is the guide that keeps hold of the board onto the table. The Excel bench saw has a lever lock rip fence for accurate straight cuts.

Motor

A motor makes the bench saw sturdy. Small bench saws have motors attached on a small bracket to the side of the table. That makes the raising and lowering of the blade. Big bench saws have guide rods or tracks that manage the blade’s position. Vibrations are low since the saw blade is running faster. 

Stand

The stand carries accessories. They stay closer to the user so that less time is on a project. Your materials are in order, and your accessories are easy to reach.

Bevel and miter cutting

Place the saw guard and anti-kickback devices in the right place before you start cutting. The miter guard is on the opposite side from which the blade tilts. That increases the distance of the hands from the saw blade. The miter head holds down clamps as you hold the stock in place.

Rip cuts

Alignment and locking the rip fence are procedures you have to observe before cutting your material. The rip fence is set for the desired width of cut using a scale on the front rail. The board has to behold against the fence and the table. Supporting longboards is essential, and the use of a push stick.

Uses of a bench saw

  • Crosscuts.
  • Rip cuts.
  • Mitre cuts.
  • Bevel cuts.

Advantages

  • Fast.
  • Accurate.
  • Easy cuts.
  • Versatile.
  • Powerful motor.
  • Efficient.

Disadvantages 

  • It makes noise
  • It vibrates

Expert tips

  • Avoid accidents at all cost
  • Put on eye protection all the times
  • Use a scrap of wood to push the board 
  • Keep your fingers away from the blade
  • Keep the blade low when not in use

Table saw

A table saw withstands longer and wider materials. It is bigger and ideal for materials that require longer cuts. It has onboard accessory storage that keeps extra blades, the miter gauge, and the rip fence. There are table saws that come with additional shelf space. 

That brings convenience to the user when you need to replace your blade. There are also industrial table saws with large surfaces and workbench table saws that are ideal for DIY enthusiasts. The solid base makes the tool sturdy as it stays in place. 

You connect your tool to a dust management system that keeps you healthy from diseases caused by inhaling dust saws. The blade on a table saw is fixed. The height is adjustable as you raise it lower or higher, depending on the thickness of the wood you are working on. 

The blade is stationary. For accuracy, the blade guard and rails guide the material. There are four types of table saws. These are the bench, contractor, cabinet, and hybrid table saw. The contractor and the cabinet table saws are portable and meant for household activities. 

The cabinet table saw is a combination of the two, and the hybrid table saw is a heavy-duty table saw.

Parts, features, and functions of a Table saw

Motor

The Dewalt 10inch table saw has a 15A high torque motor powerful enough to cut through treated hardwoods. The horsepower determines the cutting power. Light bench saws are compatible with the 3/4hp to 1.5hp. They cut up to 5/8 inch thick material. The cabinet table saw uses the 5hp motor. 

Blade size

When manufacturers are naming a table saw, they are after the blade size. Table saws come with circular blades, and the 10inch is the standard blade. The blade is adjustable depending on the material you are working on. The Dewalt 10inch table saw uses a 10inch tooth carbide blade that makes fast and smooth cuts.

Cutting depth

The type of cut depends on the width of the blade. Shallow cuts attract wider blades. A 10inch blade can make a deep cut of up to 3.5inches. A 12inch table saw makes a deep cut of up to 4inches.

Fence options

The fence is the adjustable guide of the saw. It makes your material stay in place. The T-square is the standard fence that is ideal for standard cuts. Specialty fences have a micro-adjust feature. The Vega U26 Table saw has micro-adjustment table support. You are allowed to fine-tune the measurements of the cut. 

Rip capacity

The rip capacity ranges from 18iches for the entry-level saws up to 60inches for high-end saws. I recommend a table saw that rips materials with accuracy. However, it also depends on the ideal materials you will be working on.

Uses of a table saw

  • Crosscuts
  • Ripping cuts
  • Dado cuts
  • Bevel cuts
  • Fine rabbets and Grooves cuts
  • Kerf cutting

Advantages of a table saw

  • Table saws are available on a variety of price tags. They range from 250 to 5,000 depending on your budget and working conditions.
  • Onboard accessory storage 
  • Adjustable blades
  • Accurate
  • Effective dust management system
  • Specific table saws for different locations

Disadvantages of a table saw

  • High noise level
  • A bit unstable

Expert tips

  • Use the right blade
  • Keep the saw clean and the environment
  • Use a dado set for rabbets and groves cuts
  • A miter gauge and fence is for precise cuts
  • Every cut requires a supplementary tool

Bench Saw vs Table Saw Cost

Table saws are on a variety of price tags. They range from 250 to 5,000 depending on your budget and working conditions. Bench saws range from 30 to 600. That makes them more affordable than table saws.

Verdict

Knowing why you need a saw leads you to the best product. For professional use, I advise you to go for the bench saw. It caters to longer materials than the table saw. However, both saws have a variety of saws for heavy tasks, and the one s that are for small, DIY projects. 

A portable bench saw is ideal for home use, and a small table saw. Stationary saws are for workshops. Since a table saw and a bench saw are similar saws, you have to compare your needs to each model to take your best pick. Please have a look at our Track Saw vs Table Saw comparison.

David D. Hughes
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